scratch


scratch
scratch [skrach]
vt.
[LME scracchen, prob. altered < scratten, to scratch, based on cracchen < or akin to MDu cratsen, to scratch < IE base * gred- > Alb gërüj, (I) scratch]
1. to mark, break, or cut the surface of slightly with something pointed or sharp
2. to tear or dig with the nails or claws
3.
a) to rub or scrape lightly, as with the fingernails, to relieve itching, etc.
b) to chafe
4. to rub or scrape with a grating noise [to scratch a match on a wall]
5. to write or draw hurriedly or carelessly
6. to strike out or cancel (writing, etc.)
7. to gather or collect with difficulty; scrape (together or up)
8. Sports to withdraw (an entry) from a contest, specif. from a horse race
vi.
1. to use nails or claws in digging or wounding
2. to rub or scrape the skin lightly, as with the fingernails, to relieve itching, etc.
3. to manage to get by; scrape by
4. to make a harsh, scraping noise
5. to withdraw from a race or contest
6. in certain card games, to score no points
7. Billiards Pool to commit a scratch
n.
1. the act of scratching
2. a mark or tear made in a surface by something sharp or rough
3. a wound, usually superficial, inflicted by nails, claws, or something pointed pulled across the skin, etc.
4. a slight grating or scraping sound
5. a hasty mark, as of a pen; scribble
6. the starting line of a race
7. in certain card games, a score of zero
8. Slang money
9. Billiards Pool
a) a shot that results in a penalty
b) a miss
10. Sports
a) the starting point or time of a contestant who receives no handicap
b) such a contestant
c) an entry withdrawn from a contest
adj.
1. used for hasty notes, preliminary or tentative figuring, etc. [scratch paper]
2. skillful enough to require no handicap or special allowance in a contest [a scratch golfer]
3. put together in haste and without much selection [a scratch team ]
4. Baseball designating a chance hit credited to a batter for a ball not hit sharply, but on which the batter reaches base safely
——————
from scratch
1. from the start; from the very beginning
2. from nothing; without resources, advantage, etc.
——————
scratch the surface
to do, consider, or affect something superficially
——————
up to scratch
1. toeing the mark; ready to start a race, contest, etc.
2. Informal ready to meet difficulties, start on an enterprise, etc.
3. Informal up to standard; acceptable; good
scratcher
n.

English World dictionary. . 2014.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • scratch — [ skratʃ ] adj. inv. • 1854; mot angl. « rail, ligne de départ » ♦ Anglic. Autom. Temps, classement scratch : meilleur temps ou classement toutes catégories. ● scratch adjectif invariable (anglais scratch, marque) Au golf, se dit d un joueur qui… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Scratch — may refer to:MusicRecordings* Scratch (album), by Kaela Kimura * Scratch (soundtrack), the soundtrack to the film Scratch * Peter Gabriel (1978 album), a self titled album often referred to as Scratch * Scratch, a song by Morphine on the album… …   Wikipedia

  • Scratch — Scratch, скретч: Скретч  звуковой эффект, получаемый ручным продёргиванием звуковой дорожки грампластинки или магнитной ленты при воспроизведении; также, звуковой эффект при игре на гитаре, получаемый при скольжении по обмотке струн пальцев… …   Википедия

  • scratch — ► VERB 1) make a long mark or wound on (a surface) with something sharp or pointed. 2) rub (a part of one s body) with one s fingernails to relieve itching. 3) (of a bird or mammal) rake the ground with the beak or claws in search of food. 4)… …   English terms dictionary

  • Scratch — Scratch, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Scratched}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Scratching}.] [OE. cracchen (perhaps influenced by OE. scratten to scratch); cf. OHG. chrazz[=o]n, G. kratzen, OD. kratsen, kretsen, D. krassen, Sw. kratsa to scrape, kratta to rake, to… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Scratch — Scratch, n. 1. A break in the surface of a thing made by scratching, or by rubbing with anything pointed or rough; a slight wound, mark, furrow, or incision. [1913 Webster] The coarse file . . . makes deep scratches in the work. Moxon. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Scratch — (engl.: Kratzer, Schramme) bezeichnet: Scratchen oder Scratching, das bewegen einer Schallplatte durch einen DJ Scratch (Bahnradsport), eine Disziplin im Bahnradsport Scratch (Programmiersprache), eine visuelle Programmiersprache Scratch building …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • scratch — scratch; scratch·able; scratch·brush·er; scratch·er; scratch·i·ly; scratch·i·ness; scratch·ings; scratch·less; …   English syllables

  • Scratch — Scratch, a. Made, done, or happening by chance; arranged with little or no preparation; determined by circumstances; haphazard; as, a scratch team; a scratch crew for a boat race; a scratch shot in billiards. [Slang] [1913 Webster] {Scratch race} …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • scratch — [skrætʃ] <Adv.> [engl., zu scratch = hinterste Startlinie bei Handicaprennen] (Golf): ohne Vorgabe: er spielt s. * * * Scratch   [englisch/amerikanisch, skrætʃ; wörtlich »zerkratzen, streichen«], 1) kurzer, sofort abgedämpfter… …   Universal-Lexikon